So what is machine learning, actually?
It’s central to much of the technology you use, and you probably bandy the term about yourself, but do you have any idea what it really means? R2D3, “an experiment in expressing statistical thinking with interactive design,” manages to offer a really pretty technical explanation in simple form using a clever sequence of diagrams.
And now, machine learning
Finding patterns in data is where machine learning comes in. Machine learning methods use statistical learning to identify boundaries.
One example of a machine learning method is a decision tree. Decision trees look at one variable at a time and are a reasonably accessible (though rudimentary) machine learning method.